Importance Of The National Human Rights Institutions (NHRI):

A National Human Rights Institute (NHRI) is an autonomous agency with specific accountability for the security, supervision and promotion of human rights in a given country. Every country elects a chairman like in Thailand General Wasan Suriyamongkol (พลเอก วสันต์ สุริยมงคล, which is the term in Thai) to handle the NHRC problems. The development of such bodies was promoted by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights of the United Nations (OHCHR), which offered advisory and support services and enabled access for NHRIs. In general terms, however, the national human rights agency has a clear and precise human rights mandate and a broader mandate that could include human rights research, reporting and training.

Functions Of Human Right Institution:

Usually, NHRIs can deal with any human rights issue which affects a public authority directly. Some of the regional human rights agencies have at least one of the following roles regarding non-state entities:

  • Addressing concerns or conflicts affecting some types of companies (e.g. state-owned companies, private firms providing public facilities, or companies that operate at the federal level). That only discuss those types of human rights issues (e.g. non-discrimination or civil rights) that tackle complaints or disputes that pose any human rights issue and include some company.
  • Providing education and publicity on human rights for all sectors of society (especially minorities such as migrants) tracking the human rights situation in the country and its subsequent actions.

Importance Of National Human Rights Institution:

HRIs can also be defined as visual operational defence, as a body considered to deal with prevalent problems (as seen in Mexico and Nigeria), or finally to support and strengthen specific protection of human rights (as seen in Australia and New Zealand, for example). National governments wanted to create structures that more accurately represented their own views and their cultural identity. They receive government funding in most states and are also developed and hired by a government body. This creates some parallel obligation and undermines the institution's idea of autonomy, making it more challenging to pursue their individual agenda.